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A Few Simple Questions

In today’s lesson we’ll go over how to ask someone a few simple questions.

Vocabulary

  • 네 ( yes )
  • 아니오 (no)
  • 도 (too, also)
  • 회사원 (office worker)

Grammar Focus

  • The Formal Interrogative - -ㅂ/습니까?
    • This construction is used to ask a question in a formal level of politeness. It attaches to verbs as a final sentence ending. -ㅂ/습니까 (-m/seumnikka) can be attached to any verb to form a present tense question with that verb. This conjugation is in the formal politeness level and is used for very formal situations.

Formulating Yes-or-No Questions

  • The formal interrogative sentence ending is -ㅂ/습니까? (m/seumnikka?) and attaches to the end of verbs.
    • “Noun 1는(은) Noun 2입니다.” This sentence structure is using the formal present conjugation of the copula.
    • “Noun 1는(은) Noun 2입니까?” Replacing “다” (da) of “입니다” (imnida) with “까” (kka), changes the statement into a question:

The Augmentative Particle -도 

  • -도 (-do) is a particle used to indicate that something that has previously been stated also holds true for the item currently under discussion. It corresponds with the English words “also” or “too.”
    • Noun + 도 = Noun, too.
      • 저는 학생입니다. (jeo-neun hakseng-imnida) (I am a student.)
      • 저 도 학생입니다. (jeo-do hakseng-imnida) (I am also a student.)

A Friendly Introduction

This Lesson adds more vocabulary and grammar to help you introduce yourselves.

Vocabulary

  • 씨 - (Mr., Ms., Mrs.)
  • 연 주 씨. 안녕하세요. - Honam is a student.
  • 선생님 - teacher
  • 유라 씨는 선생님입니다. - Yura is a teacher
  • 이 다 - To be
  • 우와! 한국이다! - Wow! It`s Korea

The Honorific Suffix - 씨

  • In Korean 씨 (ssi) is the honorific suffix. Just as the title suggests, it gestures respect to the name it is suffixed to.
  • It can be used to respect anybody. It is unisex and can be used regardless of age.
  • It is used more frequently than the English titles, Mister, Misses, and Miss. If two people are not on casual terms, they will typically suffix 씨 (ssi) to the other person’s name.
  • It is only used when referring to someone else. One cannot use 씨 (ssi) for their own name.
  • When it is suffixed to a name, it must be suffixed to a person’s given name. If the honorific suffix is attached to only the person’s family name, it can sometimes be seen as demeaning.

The Affirmative Copula - 이다

 

  • The affirmative copula in Korean is 이다 (ida). This verb generally translate as “to be.” This means it can be used to express equation, definition, identification, and description. But it is not existential. Korean has a separate verb to express existence.

Formal Politeness Level Conjugation (-ㅂ/습니다) 

  • 입니다 (imnida) is the copula conjugated into the present tense, and in the formal politeness level. To conjugate 이다 (ida) we take the dictionary form of the copula 이다 (ida) and remove 다 (da) to get the verb stem, 이 (i). From there we add -ㅂ 니다 (-mnida). 이 + ㅂ 니다 = 입니다 (i + mnida = imnida).

Learn Korean Self-Introductions - So simple!

This lesson introduced a few standard greetings that can be used when meeting someone for the first time. The following are a few notes that go more in-depth into these greetings, as well as some important grammar points related to the lesson.

Vocabulary

Hello - 안녕하세요?

  • 안 녕하세요? (annyeonghaseyo?) has the literal meaning of “Are you at peace?” But this is used like the English “Hello.” This can be used during the morning, day, and evening, and is used for people who are on formal or polite speaking terms.

It’s Nice to Meet You - 처음 뵙겠습니다

  • “It’s nice to meet you” - The expression 처음 뵙겠습니다 (cheoeum boepgesseubnida) literally means “I’m meeting you for the first time,” but is translated as “It’s nice to meet you.” This is used when meeting someone for the first time.

Grammar Focus

The Copula - 이다 

  • The affirmative Korean copula – the verb expressing “to be” – is 이다 (ida). When 이다 is conjugated in the present tense and expressed for use in a formal context, it changes into 입니다 (imnida).

The Formal Declarative Sentence Ending - ㅂ/습니다

  • To conjugate 이다 (ida) using this sentence ending, we take the dictionary form of the copula 이다 (ida) and remove 다 (da) to get the verb stem, 이 (i). From there we add ㅂ 니다 (mnida). 이 (i) + ㅂ 니다 (mnida) = 입니다 (imnida).
  • For verb stems that end in vowels we attach ㅂ 니다 (mnida), such as the case is with 이다 (ida), the copula.
  • For verb stems that end in consonants, we attach 습니다 (seumnida).

Dropping the “I”

  • As is often done in Korean, when the meaning can be clearly derived from context, dropping 저는(jeoneun), which means “I” with the topic particle, is acceptable in the conversation.

Mini Korean Lessons on Twitter - Korean Words Related to Transportation

Hello!
Thanks to everyone who has been following us on Twitter!

Here at KoreanClass101.com we think that Twitter is great for communication and sharing information. We also think it makes for a powerful learning tool! So starting today, we’ll be introducing Korean vocabulary and phrases daily on Twitter that follow a set theme.

The third theme will be words that are related to transportation.

For each mini lesson, you will get one noun or verb, and then one or two sample sentences showing you how the word can be used.

So don’t forget to follow us on Twitter!

(http://twitter.com/koreanclass101)

Leave us some feedback and if you have any suggestions for our next vocab themes, let us know!

화이팅!
Good luck with your studies!

#1 지하철 (jihacheol) = subway trains / 지하철 타고 왔어요. (I came here by subway.) 지하철이 가장 빨라요. (The subway is the fastest.)

 

#2 표 (pyo) = ticket / 지하철 표 있어요? (Do you have a subway ticket?) 표 어디에서 샀어요? (Where did you buy the ticket?)

 

#3 버스 (beoseu) = bus / 버스에 사람이 너무 많아요. (There are too many people on the bus.) 버스로 갈아타야 돼요. (We have to transfer to a bus.)

 

Click here to follow us on Twitter and see more updates on these mini lessons!

 

 

Mini Korean Lessons on Twitter - Most Frequently Used Action Verbs in Korean

twitter_kclass.jpg

Hello!
Thanks to everyone who has been following us on Twitter!

Here at KoreanClass101.com we think that Twitter is great for communication and sharing information. We also think it makes for a powerful learning tool! So starting today, we’ll be introducing Korean vocabulary and phrases daily on Twitter that follow a set theme.

The second theme is the most frequently used action verbs in Korean.

For each mini lesson, you will get one action verb and then one or two sample sentences showing you how the verb can be used.

So don’t forget to follow us on Twitter!

(http://twitter.com/koreanclass101)

Leave us some feedback and if you have any suggestions for our next vocab themes, let us know!

화이팅!
Good luck with your studies!

#1 하다 (hada) = to do / 지금 뭐 해요? (What are you doing now?) / 내일 뭐 할 거예요? (What are you going to do tomorrow?)

#2 가다 (gada) = to go / 이제 집에 갈 거예요. (I’m going to go home now.) / 주말에 어디 갔어요? (Where did you go on the weekend?)

#3 만나다 (mannada) = to meet / 친구 만나서 밥 먹을 거예요. (I’m going to meet a friend and eat together.) / 내일 만날래요? (Do you want to meet tomorrow?)

#4 보다 (boda) = to see, to watch, to read / 이 영화 봤어요? (Have you watched this movie?) / 지금 책 보고 있어요. (I’m reading a book now.)

#5 듣다 (deutda) = to hear, to listen / 이 노래 자주 들어요. (I listen to this song often.) / 지금 뭐 들어요? (What are you listening to?)

#6 먹다 (meokda) = to eat / 먹고 싶은 거 있어요? (Is there anything you want to eat?) / 밥 먹으러 가자. (Let’s go eat.)

#7 마시다 (masida) = to drink / 술 많이 마시지 마세요. (Don’t drink too much alcohol.) / 물 마실래? (Do you want some water?)

#8 쓰다 (sseuda) = to use, to write / 편지 썼어요. (I’ve written you a letter.) / 이거 써 봤어요? (Have you tried using this?)

#9 사다 (sada) = to buy / 뭐 샀어요? (What did you buy?) / 선물 안 사도 괜찮아요? (Is it okay even if I don’t buy a present?)
#10 되다 (doeda) = to become, to be possible / 선생님이 될 거예요. (I’m going to become a teacher.) / 인터넷이 안 돼요. (The internet is not working.)

#11 주다 (juda) = to give / 남자친구가 줬어요. (My boyfriend gave this to me.) 여자친구한테 줄 거예요. (I’m going to give this to my girlfriend.)

#12 받다 (badta) = to receive / 제 편지 받았어요? (Did you receive my letter?) 아까 문자 받았어요. (I received the text message earlier.)

#13 생각하다 (saenggakhada) = to think / 어떻게 생각해요? (What do you think?) 무슨 생각 해요? (What are you thinking about?)

#14 놀다 (nolda) = to play, to hang out / 어제 친구들하고 신촌에서 놀았어요. (I hung out with my friends yesterday.) 그만 놀고 공부해. (Stop playing and study.)

#15 일하다 (ilhada) = to work / 오늘은 몇 시까지 일해요? (Until what time do you work today?) 여기서 일하고 싶어요. (I want to work here.)

#16 보내다 (bonaeda) = to spend, to send / 주말 잘 보냈어요? (Did you have a nice weekend?) 한국에서 집에 엽서를 보냈어요. (I sent a postcard home from Korea.)

#17 도착하다 (dochakhada) = to arrive / 무사히 도착했어요. (I’ve arrived safely.) 몇 시에 도착할 것 같아요? (What time do you think you will arrive?)

#18 늦다 (neutda) = to be late / 조금 늦을 것 같아요. (I think I’ll be a little bit late.) 늦어서 죄송합니다. (Sorry for being late.)

#19 알다 (alda) = to know / 여기는 아는 사람이 없어요. (I don’t know anyone here.) 어떻게 알았어요? (How did you know that?)

#20 모르다 (moreuda) = to not know / 모르는 것이 있으면 물어보세요. (If there’s anything you don’t know, please ask me.) 아직 몰랐어요? (You still didn’t know?)

#21 잊어버리다 (ijeobeorida) = to forget / 잊어버리지 말고 은행에 가야 돼요. (Don’t forget to go to the bank.) 비밀번호를 잊어버렸어요. (I forgot the password.)

Click here to follow us on Twitter and see more updates on these mini lessons!

 

May is Family Month - Save 30%!

The Month of May in Korea is often called Family Month. There’s Children’s Day, Parent’s Day, and Teacher’s Day. Korea takes Mother’s Day to a whole different level! On these days you give your Children, Parents and Teachers gifts to show them how much you appreciate them. Children often benefit the most with candy and money being popular gifts. Teachers get quite a lot of gifts as well as they have many students and parents to receive gifts from. And that’s why the month of May is called Family month in Korea!

Well… did you learn something new about Korea?

If you did, you’ll be glad to know that you’ll learn cultural tidbits in every single lesson at KoreanClass101.com! In every lesson, not only will you learn Korean that will have you speaking Korean in minutes, you’ll also learn cultural tidbits that will amaze your Korean friends! With KoreanClass101.com, you get ALL of your Korean needs; including the language and culture (it’s company policy)!

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